Surrounded by pistachio and olive trees, Nizip is famous for its soaps made with olive oil. In the 1960s, 90% of the soap used in Turkey was made here. Until the transition to modern production, soap was made in the Sabunhane, which is 300 m southeast of Fevkani Church, in Cumhuriyet Meydanı (Republic Square).
The shops in Sabunhane that open onto the street are in use today. The building is largely in a poor state, and awaiting restoration.
Built in the 1880s, it was used as a soap factory for many years, as the town hall in the early years of the Republic, and later housed the courthouse on the top floor and the prison on the ground floor.
It is a two-storey, ashlar building with an inner courtyard. Soap was manufactured on the first floor, and the product was left to dry on the second floor. The building surrounds the courtyard on 3 sides, forming a U-shape subdivided into rectangles, behind which are shops that open to the exterior.
The courtyard is open on the north side. The east side has been closed off by an adjacent building. There are 5 shops on the ground floor of the west side. They have barrel-vaulted ceilings and open onto the street. To the north of the shops is a doorway to the interior. It has pilasters either side and a round arch.