Telefon : (+90) 342 361 01 86

Tilmen Höyük Archaeological Park

Tilmen Höyük Archaeological park is located 7.5 km from the ancient city of Örtülü, heading towards the village of Yelliburun. The archaeological park lies 3.5 km northwest of Yelliburun village next to Karasu Brook. The well-organised site has a series of educational and informative panels offering up-to-date information about the archaeological park with clear diagrams and charts. 

The tour around the park, as directed by the route signs, starts at the old gateway to the city. It continues up the large steps to the acropolis. Around the park, places of interest include the royal palace, throne room, castle, visitors’ temple and residences.

The Tilmen Höyük Archaeological park is open to visitors all year round from 09.00 until one hour before sunset.

Around the park, there are also information panels on the different plant species that are found in the area, such as wild barley, oak and wild olive trees. The panels show photographs, characteristics of the plants and information on their medicinal uses.

Life at Tilmen Höyük was at its most glorious between the 18th and 15th centuries BC. After the capital city Hattusa, it was one of the grandest cities in Anatolia.

Excavations at the site have shown that it was an important city from 4000 BC until the latter part of the third millenium BC. Findings from the tumulus also reveal a connection and interaction between the cultures of ancient Mesopotamia and Syria and that of ancient Anatolia. 

At the northeast of the tumulus there are round towers, 8 m in height, which are reached via a slope and 17 steps. The city consists of inner and outer city walls. The castle walls were made of large, uniform ashlar stone blocks, rising up from the ground, with their incredible size and weight adding to the overall magnificence of the city. The walls were built using a casemate design, with the massive blocks resting on each other. The original entrance to the city was in the east, with door lions guarding each side, but there were also two other smaller entrances, one on the northwest, the other on the southwest side of the city.

Okunma 1866 defa
ika

The contents of this publication, which has been prepared by the 2013 Economic Development Financial Support Programme of the Silk Road Development Agency does not represent the views of the Silk Road Development Agency and/or the Ministry of Development. Sole responsibility for the content lies with Neva Bilgi Teknolojileri Medya ve Danışmanlık Hizmetleri San. Tic. Ltd. Şti.

kalkinma

Yesemek Tour and Alternative

  • Çolaklar Stone Bridge
    Yazan

    If you want to visit the ancient Roman bridge, head back towards the village of Yelliburun and as you pass the village of Şahmaran on your right, you will come to Çolaklar village. About 20 km from Yesemek Open Air Museum, and 1.5 km southeast of Çolaklar village, in an isolated spot in the middle of nowhere, lies a stone bridge, known as the Çolaklar Roman Stone Bridge. 

    The bridge, built over the Karasu brook, nowadays is only frequented by fishermen, shepherds and their flocks. On either side of the bridge there are the remains of a Roman road, also made from basalt stone. If you want to visit the bridge, the rocky terrain means you must be prepared to walk for about 500 m after you have parked your vehicle.

  • Muhammed Beledi Tomb
    Yazan

    The tomb of Muhammed Beledi can be found on Beledi Hill in the neighbourhood of Sam. In the second half of the 15th century, Muhammed Beledi, hearing about Sheikh Sam, comes to visit him. It is said that following this meeting, a strong bond develops between the two. 

  • Menzil Inn
    Yazan

    The recently restored Menzil Han is composed of two parts. Rough hewn limestone has been used on the exterior of the han.

     

  • Sof Plateau
    Yazan

    Continuing on towards Nurdağı, 5 km after the village of Yeşilce, head left and 7 km after the village of Işıklı you will come to the Sofdağı Plateau.

    The highest peak of the Sofdağ mountains is called Kepekçi Hill, where the air is pure and rich in oxygen. The Sofdağı Mountains are the source of more than 20 freshwater courses, such as Gerdek Spring, Cennet Spring and Börek Spring.

  • Hurşit Ağa Mansion
    Yazan

    One km to the west of Sakçagözü Waterfall lies Hurşit Ağa Mansion which recently suffered damage in a fire rendering it unfit for use. The building was used as military quarters during the War of Independence and as a refuge for the Ottoman soldiers during the First World War.

  • Nurdağı Castle
    Yazan

    After heading west for approximately 4 km on the old Adana road, you will come to Nurdağı Castle in the district of Nurdağı.

    In the castle there are ornamental ponds, model animals, a children’s play area, and a traditional nomad tent decorated with wooden carvings and set up like an authentic wedding hall to demonstrate the local culture.

  • Fevzipaşa Train Station
    Yazan

    Continuing on towards the district of İslahiye in a southwesterly direction, you will see on the right the historical Fevzipaşa Train Station which is used to shelter retired trains. 

    The building was constructed by German engineers as part of the Hicaz (Hejaz) Railroad Project.

  • Çerçil Castle
    Yazan

    If you want to leave the prescribed route and visit one of the region’s alternative cultural treasures, we recommend a climb to Çerçil Castle.

    Heading away from the village of Yelliburun in a westerly direction for 10 km, you will arrive at Çerçil Castle, which is situated 600 m southwest of Çerçil village, and sits at the top of a natural hill. Some of the important findings from the castle are coloured ceramic pieces, showing that the settlement dates from the Middle Ages. The road that stretches from the İslahiye plains to the inner side of the Amanos mountains passes through the footslopes of the hill on which the castle sits. This suggests that the castle, for a period, held a position of strategic importance. If you want to see the castle ruins at the top, you should be prepared for an arduous climb of approximately one hour through dense shrubland.

  • Sheikh Sam Tomb
    Yazan

    In the centre of the neighbourhood of Sam lies the tomb of Abdurrahman Erzincani, known as Sheikh Sam. It is said that Yavuz Sultan Selim stayed near the village of Sam on his way to the Egyptian campaign, and whilst there, met Sheikh Sam.

    Based on a dream he had, Sheikh Sam gave promises of victory in Egypt and sent Yavuz Sultan Selim on his way with blessings. On his return from the campaign, Yavuz awards the tithes received from the village of Sam to the sheikh and has a inn and mosque built in the village.

  • Erikçe Forest
    Yazan

    If you choose the religious section of the tour which includes some of the region’s tombs and historical mosques, then continue on the old Adana road to the district of Sam, 14 km from the city centre